Added: Daiel Villarreal - Date: 15.09.2021 08:52 - Views: 18132 - Clicks: 9969
Tackling Coffee Disease with Nuclear Science. Coffee is the world's most popular drink. But coffee plants are being threatened by coffee leaf rust, a fungal disease found in most coffee-producing countries. Watch Video ».
Pulses for a Sustainable Future. The year was declared the International Year of Pulses by the 68th UN General Assembly to help raise public awareness of the nutritional benefits and the role of pulses in sustainable food production.
Plant mutation breeding enhance crop productivity and food security in drought-prone environments in Namibia. Agriculture is a major contributor to the Namibian economy and is highly correlated to growth and development. The country has semi-arid and arid climatic condition regions and is one of the driest countries of sub-Saharan Africa, consequently crop yields are severely limited by drought.
». In the battle to help developing countries overcome threats from declining food production caused by climate change, one species of edible grain-like crop has caught international attention because of its unique nutritional value.
New and improved varieties of quinoa, historically grown in the highlands of South America, will be made available to farmers in mutations adapted to challenging environments in Bolivia and Peru. A new research project, supported by the IAEA in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAOwill focus on the development of technology to speed up the breeding of disease-resistant banana and coffee plant varieties. Mutation breeding has been successful in the Indonesian sorghum improvement program.
It increases the added value of sorghum as food, feed, fiber and fuel source. The released sorghum mutant varieties have a big potential to increase marginal land productivity, improve soil fertility, stimulate sustainable agriculture development, promote economic growth, and ensure future food and energy security. Last but not least, sorghum is probably the most suitable crop for mitigating climate Breeding farm stories. Induction, rapid fixation and retention of mutations in vegetatively propagated banana. A team of the Plant Breeding and Genetics Laboratory at the IAEA Laboratories Seibersdorf has investigated the nature and inheritance of mutations that have been induced in shoot apical meristems of banana.
They found out that genotypically heterogeneous stem cells resulting from mutagenic treatment are rapidly sorted to fix a single genotype in the meristem. The among others will be useful to speed up the process of mutation breeding in vegetatively propagated crops. The story has been published in the Plant Biotechnology Journal and also was chosen for the journal Breeding farm stories. Mutation activities target rust diseases with emphasis on Ug99 to contribute to an eventually broadened gene base for rust resistance. Mutant lines that have resistance to Ug99, once selected, will effectively counter the threat to global wheat and barley production, the menace of Ug Improved barley varieties - Feeding people from the equator to the arctic.
The weather conditions in the high Peruvian Andes, with their propensity for severe storms that bring with them high winds and hail, are not exactly hospitable for growing grains. These hearty grain improved varieties have become a lifeline for people who live at those altitudes, providing dependable as well as nutritious yields and now ing for 90 per cent of the barley produced in Peru.
Successful Mutation Breeding Programmes in Vietnam. From the lab to the farmerVietnam is a developing agricultural country having Crop production plays an important role in national food security and the rural development of Vietnam. Rice Mutation Breeding in China. Recent studies on Asian wild rice and land races of cultivars indicate that South Asia is most likely the main centre of origin of cultivated rice.
Differentiation of the indica hsien rice would have occurred in South Breeding farm stories, and that of the japonica keng rice in South-eastern and Eastern Asia. Full Story ».
As in most tropical and sub-tropical regions, in Bangladesh, there is a season called Monga October and early November during which crops are still maturing in the field but grain stock is dangerously limited in the monsoon season. From the Lab to the Farm. Rice mutation breeding has never been so rewarding in Viet Nam. Farmers from the Mekong Delta to the highlands have been benefiting from higher yields and Breeding farm stories market prices thanks to the high quality of the mutant varieties.
In highland areas, farmers began stopping deforestation since they can now produce enough food on their land. Protecting Wheat Harvests from Destruction. Scientists are accelerating research into new varieties of wheat to identify those resistant to an aggressive fungus that is destroying harvests in African and Middle Eastern countries.
With the capacities built on these projects, the Gamma Irradiation Service and Nuclear Technology Research Center was established and is now providing services for scientists in Thailand. Two mutant rice varieties, resistant to the rice yellow mottle virus RYMV were successfully released for cultivation in the inland of Tanzania and in the island of Zanzibar. They quickly gained farmer acceptance due to their high yield and quality characters.
Juicy Tomatoes from Dry Cuban Soil. Having in mind the Breeding farm stories to grow tomatoes under low water input conditions, not only to save this valuable liquid, but also to diversify production in drought-affected areas, a Cuban tomato breeding programme using nuclear techniques has produced varieties that are being adopted by the farmers and have made possible the increase of tomato production in several areas of Cuba with low input of water and fertilizers. Blossoming Ideas Creating Stronger Economies In Thailand, a flower is more than an ornament; it is the country's symbol and the main source of income for thousands of families.
With the help of nuclear technology to bring new colours and shapes to ornamental flowers, Prof. Siranut Lamseejan, at the Kasetsart University, Bangkok, has made a dream come true. Hardy Crops in Harsh Environments One of the success stories in the use of induced mutations by a national agricultural research system in collaboration with the Agency's Plant Breeding and Genetics programme: Peru.
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